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古玩城2020精品推荐第九期:第一套人民币
发布时间:2020-11-25 20:16:14   来源:未知

第一套人民币于1948年12月1日中国人民银行成立的同时开始发行,在1955年5月10日停止流通。第一套人民币既是战时货币,又是新中国成立初期经济恢复时期的货币,它首先服务于中国人民解放战争,“一切为了战争的胜利”,解放军打到哪里,人民币就跟进到哪里。人民币的发行保证了解放战争胜利进军的需要,促进了经济的恢复与发展,最终成为统一的全国货币,成为全国唯一的合法货币,结束了国民党统治下几十年的币制混乱历史。

The first set of RMB was issued on December 1, 1948 when the People's Bank of China was founded, and stopped circulating on May 10, 1955. The first set of RMB is not only a wartime currency, but also a currency during the economic recovery period in the early days of the founding of New China. It first serves the Chinese people's liberation war, "everything is for the victory of the war", and wherever the PLA goes, the RMB will follow up. The issuance of RMB ensured the need of the successful March of the Liberation War, promoted the economic recovery and development, and finally became a unified national currency and the only legal currency in the country, ending the chaotic history of currency system under the Kuomintang rule for decades.

1948年,随着人民解放战争的顺利进行,分散的各解放区迅速连成一片,为适应形势的发展,亟需一种统一的货币替代原来种类庞杂、折算不便的各解放区货币。为此,1948年12月1日,在河北石家庄成立中国人民银行,同日开始发行统一的人民币。当时华北人民政府主席董必武同志为该套人民币题写了中国人民银行行名。

In 1948, with the smooth progress of the People's Liberation War, the scattered liberated areas quickly became one. In order to adapt to the development of the situation, a unified currency was urgently needed to replace the currencies of the liberated areas which were complicated and inconvenient to convert. Therefore, on December 1, 1948, the People's Bank of China was established in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, and the unified RMB was issued on the same day. At that time, Comrade Dong Biwu, Chairman of the North China People's Government, wrote the name of the People's Bank of China for this set of RMB.

 

 

在设计上,第一套人民币统一了版式,扫除了原有其他货币的半殖民地色彩,票面上取消了英文,不再采用行长的签字,而采用印章,正面所印的年号用“中华民国三十七年”,背面使用公元纪年1948。在图样题材上,选择工业、农业、商业、纺织、交通、运输、工厂和矿山等当时经济建设和新社会人们生活的图案,体现了第一套人民币的真实历史意义、地位及作用,生动展现出我国解放事业及建国初期人们的政治、生活、文化、社会百态,使人们领略到在共产党的领导下,全国各族人民齐心协力、艰苦奋斗、自力更生建设新中国、新社会的如火如荼的激情岁月。

In design, the first set of RMB unified the layout, swept away the semi-colonial color of other currencies, canceled English on the face, no longer adopted the signature of the president, and adopted the seal, with the year number printed on the front as "Thirty-seven years of the Republic of China" and the back as AD 1948. On the theme of patterns, the patterns of economic construction and people's life in the new society at that time, such as industry, agriculture, commerce, textiles, transportation, factories and mines, were selected, which reflected the true historical significance, status and role of the first set of RMB, vividly demonstrated the political, life, culture and social conditions of people in China's liberation cause and the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, and made people appreciate that under the leadership of the Communist Party, people of all ethnic groups in China worked together, worked hard and built a new society by themselves.

1949年1月北京解放,中国人民银行总行迁往北京。全国解放后,各地区的中国人民银行相继成立。1951年底除开西藏和台湾外,全国范围内货币已经统一,人民币成为我国唯一的合法货币。而后1955年国家实行币制改革,发行了第二套人民币,又限期将第一套人民币兑换交回国库销毁,从1948年发行到1955年停止流通使用,这7年的时间内,第一套人民币发行了十二种面额的人民币。包括一元、五元、十元、二十元、五十元、一百元、两百元、五百元、一千元、五千元、一万元、五万元。第一套人民币是中国钱币历史上的开山鼻祖,它不仅是个藏品,更像是一个历史文物,见证了中国历史的发展。它的收藏价值以及艺术价值,都被来自世界各国的收藏家以及投资者所认可。

In January 1949, Beijing was liberated and the head office of the People's Bank of China moved to Beijing. After the national liberation, the People's Bank of China was established in various regions. By the end of 1951, except Tibet and Taiwan, the currencies in the whole country had been unified, and RMB became the only legal currency in China. Then, in 1955, the country implemented the monetary system reform, issued the second set of RMB, and returned the first set of RMB to the state treasury for destruction within a time limit. From 1948 to 1955, it stopped circulating and used. During these seven years, the first set of RMB was issued with twelve denominations. Including one yuan, five yuan, ten yuan, twenty yuan, fifty yuan, one hundred yuan, two hundred yuan, five hundred yuan, one thousand yuan, five thousand yuan, ten thousand yuan and fifty thousand yuan. The first set of RMB is the pioneer in the history of Chinese coins. It is not only a collection, but also a historical relic, which witnessed the development of Chinese history. Its collection value and artistic value are recognized by collectors and investors from all over the world.

 

第一套人民币停止使用时间已长达半个世纪之久,其间又经历了多次政治运动、经济改革,因此收藏者留存下来的不多,能将之集全者实属凤毛麟角,其观赏、纪念、珍藏、投资价值与日俱增,受到知名拍卖行和文物收藏家的特别青睐,特别是其中壹万圆的“牧马图”、伍仟圆的“蒙古包”、伍佰圆的“瞻德城”和壹万圆的“骆驼队”被认为是收藏难度达到五星级以上的绝世品种,因此被誉为“绝品四珍”,现在单张全品的都百万难求,极为珍稀。

The first set of RMB has been out of use for half a century, during which it has experienced many political movements and economic reforms. Therefore, there are not many collectors left behind, and those who can collect all of them are rare. Their ornamental, commemorative, treasured and investment values are increasing day by day, and they are especially favored by well-known auction houses and cultural relics collectors, especially the "Mumatu" of 10,000 yuan, the "yurt" of 5,000 yuan and the "yurt" of 5,000 yuan

 

经过六十多年的市场消耗和沉淀。第一套人民币作为中国钱币史上的开山鼻祖,作为蕴含历史价值的“文物”。其历史价值和艺术价值被世界各地的收藏家和投资者所认可。

After more than 60 years of market consumption and precipitation. The first set of RMB, as the originator of Chinese currency history, is a "cultural relic" with historical value. Its historical value and artistic value are recognized by collectors and investors all over the world.

 

对于第一套人民币全套价格高来说,估计很多收藏者都不会感到意外,因为这是一个必然要发生的,它的历史和文化意义已经早就建立好了,又经过了这么多年的洗礼,更是在收藏市场上奠定了自己的基础,只要收藏者有机会入手,就可以大胆的将它收藏起来,这是一件十分难得,也是一件十分珍贵的收藏品,在未来的价值和升值空间无可估量。

For the high price of the first set of RMB, it is estimated that many collectors will not be surprised, because this is an inevitable occurrence. Its historical and cultural significance has been established for a long time. After so many years of baptism, it has laid its own foundation in the collection market. As long as collectors have the opportunity to start, they can boldly collect it Is a very rare, but also a very precious collection, in the future value and appreciation space is immeasurable.

 

 

 

 

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